Manuscript preparation

Hepatología adheres to the Recommendations for the Conduct, Report, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in December 2018), established by the ICMJE to guarantee the creation and distribution of manuscripts of quality, integrity and with ethical principles. For more information, you can access the webpage For the presentation of the articles, the following structure should be applied; presentation page, abstract, keywords, text, acknowledgments, references, tables, figures and legends.

Presentation page

A title of the article in Spanish and English must be included. The title must be concise, informative and without abbreviations. The full name of each author must also be included, followed by the abbreviation of the highest academic rank, in order of citation. Institutional affiliation, highest academic degree, current position, city and country must relate to the authors with superscript numbers. For the correspondence author, who will be in constant communication with the Editor, the e-mail address, correspondence address and a telephone number must be included. In addition, a paragraph must be added stating whether or not there are conflicts of interest.


The structure of the manuscripts for Hepatología will depend on the type of article, as follows:

Review Articles

Review articles are characterized by a careful bibliographic search. They may include sections such as introduction,epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and conclusions. The use of algorithms to clarify diagnostic procedures is encouraged, as well as the use of tables and figures that facilitate reading and understanding of the text.

Original articles

They must be presented as introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion sections. Systematic review articles should include the bibliographic search strategy, including the search terms, the time frame, and the selection criteria for the articles. 

Introduction: The basis of the observation and the objective of the investigation are summarized.

Materials and methods: The type of study is defined, as well as the study population, inclusion and exclusion criteria, methods of information collection, statistical analysis and ethical aspects of the research study. In addition, the supplies and equipment used are indicated (with the name of the manufacturer).

Results: The findings are presented, including tables and figures, as well as their statistical value. Avoid repeating in the text the content from tables and figures.

Discussion: The most important findings of the study are highlighted in contrast to the results of other previously published research on the subject. In addition, the implications of the findings, the contributions of the study and its limitations, as well as new hypotheses or recommendations for future studies should be included.

Reflection articles

They are manuscripts in which the authors present their view on a specific topic, based on theresults of their own experience or current literature.

Clinical cases

An introduction and background on the topic of the case report must be included, as well as the case description, clinical evolution and results of diagnostic tests. A clear diagnosis must be given and a discussion should be presented.


They are brief manuscripts on topics of national or international interest, or related to the articles published in the corresponding issue of Hepatología. It is requested by the Editor or the Editorial Board.

Letters to the editor

It includes letters received from readers, such as comments, clarifications and contributions related to the material published in the journal. In addition, questions addressed to the Editorial Board and Editor are answered.


People, institutions or companies that collaborated with the work are cited. Likewise, original articles must include the source of funding and any other support received.


References must conform to the international standards established by the Vancouver Group ( References must be placed at the end of the article and are ordered numerically according to the order of citation, typed within the text in Arabic numbers and in square brackets. If tables or figure captions have references, they should be numbered according to the order of citation in the text. If electronic reference programs are used, it
is suggested to attach the file.

For citing references, it is recommended to access the complete list of citations available at Below are some examples.

Articles from scientific journals

Martínez-Casas OY, Díaz-Ramírez GS, Marín-Zuluaga JI, Muñoz-Maya O, Santos O, Donado-Gómez JH, Restrepo-Gutiérrez JC. Differential characteristics in drug-induced autoimmune hepatitis. JGH Open 2018;2:97-104. doi:10.1002/jgh3.12054.

Electronic articles

Mehmood R, Muhammed RK, Hussain S, Sana A. Evaluation of di-potassium and tri-potassium EDTA evacuated tubes for routine haematological testing. J Clin Lab Anal 2018;32:1- 4. Epub February 21 2017. doi:10.1002/jcla.22188..


Rosenstein BJ, Fosarelli PD. Pediatric pearls: The handbook of practical pediatrics. 3rd ed. St Louis; Mosby. 1997.

Book chapters

Knight JA, Kjeldsberg CR. Cerebroespinal, sinovial, and serous body fluids. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry´s clinical diagnosis and management by laboratory methods. 21st ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2007. p. 426-454.

Web pages

International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Laboratorios clínicos. Requisitos particulares para la calidad y la competencia (ISO 15189:2007). Accessed October 17 2017. Available at: particulares-para-la-calidad-y-la-competencia/.

Tables and figures

Tables and charts must be named “Table.” They must include new information and not what is already expressed in the text.

The images, graphs and flowcharts must be named "Figure". The original files of the images and figures must be sent separately in high resolution digital image format (TIFF or JPG). They are accepted in color or black and white. If using unpublished or published material by other authors, an authorization by the copyright holder should be attached with the respective credits. Patients in photographs or their names must not be identifiable, and their consent is required. In microscopic preparations, the type of coloration and magnification should be mentioned. When using symbols, arrows, numbers or letters within the image, they must be clearly explained in the figure caption, after the description of the image.

Tables should be cited in the text as table 1, table 2, etc. The figures should be cited in the same order.